The New York Times,
September 15, 1922


Americans Report Appalling Situation in Refugees' Stampede.


CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 14, (Associated Press). -American subchaser No. 96 has arrived here with reports of the appalling situation at Mudania, on the Sea of Marmora, where the harbort is filled with the bodies of refugees who stampeded when the last vessel departed before the Turkish occupation. Fifty thousand refugees, without food or water, lined the waterfront for miles in the broiling sun, with arms uplifted pleading to taken off. Those brought here included fifteen Americanized Greeks and Mr. Ketchum an employee of the Standard Oil company.


Winston Churchill (1874-1965) - British Statesman

“... Mustapha Kemal's Army ... celebrated their triumph by the burning of Smyrna to ashes and by a vast massacre of its Christian population...”

Churchill W, The Aftermath, New York, Charles Scribner's and Sons, 1929, p444